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    25 August 2016, Volume 36 Issue 4 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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    Modeling and analysis on the long-term evolution of the space debris cloud
    ZHANG Bin-Bin, WANG Zhao-Kui, ZHANG Yu-Lin
    2016, 36 (4):  1.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0046
    Abstract ( 1076 )   PDF (6080KB) ( 1387 )   Save
    Aspacedebriscloudconsistsofnumerousbreakupfragmentswhichareoriginatedfromaninstinctspaceobject.Asthebreakupfragmentsareinaconcentrateddistribution,thosespacecraftintheneighborhoodofthebreakupobjectswillfaceaseriousthreatofcollision.Inordertoevaluatethelongtermevolutionofspacedebris,thepropagationofspacedebriscloudforashorttermperiodwasanalyzednumerically.Basedonthestabledistributioncharacteristicofthedebriscloud,fragmentsweredividedintoseveralgroupsaccordingtotheirorbitalheightsandareamassratios.Thelongtermdistributionundertheperturbationofatmospheredragwasdescribedbyananalyticevolutionmodel.Comparing〖JP2〗withallthefragmentspropagatingindividually,theanalyticmodelwasmoreefficientandlesstimeconsuming.Theevolutionofabreakupdebriscloudconsists1780breakupfragments,andwasobtairedforthenextfiftyyears.Resultsshowthatthepeakspatialdensityofthedebriscloudisaroundtheheightofthebreakupobjectandwillspreadintoabroaderheightintervalcontinuously,andthefragmentsinthelowerheightintervalwillfirstlyincreaseandthendecreaseundertheperturbationofairdrag.
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    Anefficientstellarmapidentificationmethodbasedoncharacterizedgraphicsmatchingmethod
    LI Chao-Bing, YUAN Yan-Yan, WANG Dan-Ye
    2016, 36 (4):  9.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0047
    Abstract ( 1212 )   PDF (4863KB) ( 1602 )   Save
    Nowadays,starpatternrecognitionmethodsusedonstarsensorshaveshortcomingsofredundancymatch,matchingslow,lowrecognitionrate,andsoon.Toovercomethis,thestarpatternrecognitionalgorithmwasstudied,andanewalgorithmwasproposed.Firstly,redundancyinformationfromtraditionalstarcatalogwasextracted.Theskycoveragewasdividedtomakesurethatdifferentskycoveragehasthesimilarnavstarnumber.Secondly,featureinformationfromthephotowasextractedtomatchthefeatureinformationdatabase.Afterthealgorithmwasdesigned,thestarsensorswiththefieldofview15°×15°wereselectedandsimulated.Simulationresultsshowthatthematchingofthewholeskycanbefinishedin15sbythisalgorithm,andthesuccessratecanreachover98%.
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    Inertiaparameteridentificationofonorbituncooperativeobject
    KONG Xiang-Long, LI Wen-Long, LI Wen-Feng, ZHAO Yi
    2016, 36 (4):  17.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0042
    Abstract ( 1158 )   PDF (952KB) ( 1273 )   Save
    Mostalgorithmsofinertiaparametersidentificationassumedthesystemmomentumknownandfewattentionwaspaidtotheattitudestabilizationofbase.Anincrementalformoftheidentificationequationwasgivenbasedontheconservationprincipleofmomentumandafractionalstepmethodwasproposed.Firstly,estimationequationsaboutthemassandpositionofmasscenterwereobtainedandtheunknownconstantlinearmomentumwaseliminatedinincrementalformulation.Theestimateoflinearmomentumwascalculatedwiththeestimatedparametersandthensubstitutedintoestimationequationsabouttheinertiatensors.Theincrementalequationswereobtainedagaintoeliminatetheunknownconstantangularmomentum.Anadaptivereactionlesscontrollerwasusedtopersistentlyexcitetherobotarm,whichguaranteedtheconvergenceofthealgorithmaswellasthestabilizationofbaseattitude.Simulationsresultsshowthatinertialparametersareaccuratelyidentifiedandtheangularvelocitiesofthebasearelessthan10-3,whichcanbeviewedasnearlyundisturbed.
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    Faultdiagnosisofreactionwheelinsatelliteformation
    WANG Jia-Yi, WEN Xin, ZHANG Wan-Yi
    2016, 36 (4):  24.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0048
    Abstract ( 1034 )   PDF (3180KB) ( 1179 )   Save
    Thetechnologyofsatelliteformationflyingisanewtechnologyinthefieldofspace.Multiplelowcostsmallsatellitesareabletocompletemoredifficultspacemissions,butatthesametimetherearemorefaultdiagnosis.Aimingattheproblemsthatthesatelliteformationmayoccurincomplexspaceenvironment,adistributedswarmsystemofsatellitesforfaultdiagnosismethodbasedonElmanneuralnetworkwasproposed.Theexperimentalresultsshowthattheproposedschemecandetectthefaultofthereactionwheels,andtheadjacentsatellitecanalsodetectthefaults,whichisverygoodandrealtimeandiseffectiveandfeasibleinpracticalapplication.
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    Surfaceaccuracyadjustingmethodoflargeflexiblemeshspaceborneantennaonground
    WANG Hui, SONG Yan-Ping, MA Xiao-Fei
    2016, 36 (4):  33.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0040
    Abstract ( 1095 )   PDF (837KB) ( 1037 )   Save
    Thedeformationoflargeflexiblemeshantennaundergravityloadisremarkableandmixedwiththemanufacturingerror,whichbringtremendoustroublestothesurfaceaccuracyadjustingwork.Tosolvetheproblem,firstly,thearticleexpatiatedallkindsofsurfaceerrorsexistinginthereflectormanufacturingandworking;secondly,thearticleprovidedandcertifiedthecorrelationsamongtheerrorsespeciallymanufacturingerrorandsurfaceerrorswhenthereflectorisputCupupandCupdown.Byapplyingthosecorrelations,theeffectonthereflectorsurfaceerrorboughtbygravitycouldbedecreased,whichprovidedgreatadvantageforsurfaceaccuracyadjustingonground.Tomeettheengineeringrequirement,aflowchartofhowthesurfaceaccuracywouldbeadjustedwasproduced.Itcanreducethereversalfrequencyofreflectorandsavetimeduringsurfaceaccuracyadjusting.
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    Performanceevaluationofroutingalgorithmsonspacedelay/disruptiontolerantnetworks
    YAN Hong-Cheng, GUO Jian, ZHANG Hong-Jun
    2016, 36 (4):  38.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0038
    Abstract ( 968 )   PDF (1037KB) ( 1467 )   Save
    Performanceofroutingalgorithmsonspacedelay/disruptiontolerantnetworks(DTN)wasevaluatedtoprovidedesignreferenceandadvicesforfuturedesignofroutingtechniquesonspaceDTN.Firstly,routingalgorithmsapplicabletospaceDTNwereanalyzedandcomparedinaspectofutilizationamountofnetworkknowledege.Then,frommicroscopicandmacroscopicaspects,fourtypicalspaceDTNroutingalgorithms,whichareearliestdelivery(ED),earliestdeliverywithlocalqueue(EDLQ),contactgraphrouting(CGR)andcontactgraphroutingearliesttransmissionopportunity(CGRETO),wereevaluatedbysimulationsinatypicalspaceDTNscenariowithdifferentcontactplanconfigurations.Finally,evaluationresultswereanalyzedandsummarized,andfutureresearchissuesaboutroutingalgorithmsonspaceDTNwerealsodiscussed.Simulationresultsindicatethatfromaspectsofendtoenddelayandbundledeliverycompletionratio,theperformanceofCGRisbetterthanEDwhiletheperformanceofEDLQandCGRETOarethesamebest.
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    AfullblindPIMsuppressionalgorithmforspreadspectrumTT&Clink
    AN Jin-Kun, TIAN Lin, DING Kai
    2016, 36 (4):  47.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0043
    Abstract ( 953 )   PDF (939KB) ( 1306 )   Save
    Focusingonthepassiveintermodulation(PIM)probleminspreadspectrumschemeTT&Clink,awaveletpacketdecompositionbasedfullblindPIMsuppressionalgorithmwasproposed.MultilayerswaveletpacketdecompositionwasemployedonthereceivedspreadspectrumTT&Csignals,accordingtothecharacteristicthedecomposedsignalshouldobeyGaussiandistribution,andinterferencesuppressionwasachieved,NosuppressiongatewassetduringthewholeprocessandthiswasafullblindPIMsuppressedalgorithm.Finally,Matlabsimulationresultshowsthat7dBsignalinterferenceratiogaincanbeobtained.
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    EffectofcircuitparametersonstartuptransientcurrentofHallthrusters
    DU Jian-Hua, HU Jun-Feng, YANG Zi-Yi
    2016, 36 (4):  51.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0045
    Abstract ( 999 )   PDF (2580KB) ( 879 )   Save
    Basedontheanalysisoftheformationmechanismofthepulsecurrentinthepowersupplysideduringthestartuptransient,therelationshipbetweentheoutercircuitparametersandthepulsecurrentpeekinthepowersupplysidewasstudiedbytheanalysisandexperimentsundervaryingparameters.Resultsshowthatthepulsecurrentonthepowersupplysidedecreaseswiththeincreaseofcapacitanceandinductance.Basedonthededucedfunctionofpeakpulsecurrentonthepowersupplyside,theeffectsofcapacitanceandinductanceonthepowersupplypulsecurrentduringaHallthrusterstartuptransientwasstudied.Therequirementoftheturn,magneticcoresectionalarea,andtheBHcurveofselectedinductorwasdiscussed.ThisresearchcanprovidereferencefortheoutercircuitparameterdesigninHallthrusters.
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    LifetimepredictionofaerospaceequipmentbasedonDSevidencetheory
    DING Rui, LU Ning-Yun, CHENG Yue-Hua, JIANG Bin, XING Yan
    2016, 36 (4):  58.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0044
    Abstract ( 1211 )   PDF (983KB) ( 510 )   Save
    AninformationfusionmethodwasproposedbasedonDSevidencetheoryandBayestheoryforlifetimepredictionofimportantaerospaceequipment,momentumwheel.Firstly,multisourcelifeinformationwerecollectedandminedtoobtainthepriordistributionofthemomentumwheel′slifetime,inordertobuildDSevidencecollections.Secondly,DScombinationrulewasusedtoobtainreasonableweightallocationforpriordistributions.Afterthat,fusionposteriordistributionwasfiguredoutandthevaluesoflifeparameterswerealsoestimated.Finally,accordingtoparameters′estimation,thelifetimepredictionformomentumwheelwasderived.Simulationresultshowsthatthepredictionusingtheproposedmethodisclosertothereallifetimemeasurements.
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    Amethodoforbitdesignbasedonpreciserevisitofagivengroundtrack
    WEI Guo-Ning, LUO Jian, KANG Zhi-Yu, TANG Sheng-Yong, CHEN Xiao-Guang
    2016, 36 (4):  67.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0049
    Abstract ( 1257 )   PDF (2691KB) ( 1028 )   Save
    Aneworbitdesignmethodisneededforpreciserevisitthegivengroundtrackpoints.Amethodofdesigningpreciserevisitof2givengroundtrackroundrepeatingorbitwasproposed.Therelationshipbetweenthesatellitegeocentricvectorandthegroundtrackgeocentricvectorwasanalyzed;theproblemwasconvertedtothecoincidenceproblemintheinertialcoordinatesystemofamotionvectorininertialcoordinatesystemandaconstantvectorinthemovingcoordinatesystem.Differenttargetfunctionswereconstructed,whileorbitelementswereobtainedbysearchingthezerosofthecorrespondingfunction.Calculationandsimulationresultsdemonstratetheeffectivenessoftheproposedapproach.
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    AnalysisandsimulationonMEMSgyrorotarynavigationerror
    ZHOU Qiong-Feng, KANG Guo-Hua, CHEN Xue-Fen
    2016, 36 (4):  74.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0039
    Abstract ( 1104 )   PDF (928KB) ( 1026 )   Save
    Currently,theresearchandapplicationhasbeenquitematureonrotatingmodulationtechnologyofnavigationbasedonhighprecisiongyroscope.TherotatingmodulationtechnologywasintroducedtorealizehighprecisionapplicationofthelowprecisionMEMSgyroscope.Accordingtothetheoreticalanalysisandsimulationofnavigationerrorwithrotatingmodulationornot,theeffectsondifferentprecisiongyroscopewerecomparedunderthesamecondition.Aswell,thefactorsthatinfluencedthemodulationresultwasanalyzedindetail.Itturnsoutthat,comparedtohighprecisiongyroscope,therotationmodulationeffectoflowprecisionMEMSgyroscopeismoreobviousinthesamecondition,andmorethan30%navigationerrorisreducedinthe100sduetorotation.Inaddition,developinghighprecisionrotatingmodulationturntableisalsooneofthekeytechnologiesofimprovingtheaccuracyoftheMEMSgyroscoperotationmodulation.
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    Modelinganalysisofslowstartupcircuitsofspacecooling
    LI Wen-Ran
    2016, 36 (4):  81.  doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2016.0041
    Abstract ( 937 )   PDF (3927KB) ( 1200 )   Save
    Withmorepowerfulspacestirlingcoolercomingout,ifthecontrollerstillusestraditionalslowstartupandLCenergystorageandfilteringseriescircuits,anunstableandlargeovershootstartupcurrentwillbecaused,whichleadstothecontrollerovercurrentprotectionandpotentialsurgedamagestosatellitepowerandotherdevices.Undertheconditionofnotaddingcomponents,aslowstartupcircuitconnectingLCenergystorageandfilteringcircuitcooperativewaywithstartupcurrentfeedbackfunctionwasproposed.Firstly,thenewandoldcooperativecircuitswithlowfrequencyequivalentmodelofnonlinearMOSFETweremodeled.Secondly,themodelsbothintheconditionofsmallinductanceandsmallcapacitanceandintheconditionoflargeinductanceandlargecapacitanceweresimplifiedandanalyzed.Intheconditionofsmallinductanceandsmallcapacitance,bothcooperativecircuitscanbesimplifiedtononovershotfirstordersystem.Intheconditionoflargeinductanceandlargecapacitance,thetraditionalcooperativecircuitswassimplifiedtosecondordersystemwithoscillationcharacteristics.However,thenewcooperativecircuitsisstillfirstordersystem,whichsatisfiestherequirementsofnonovershootstartupcurrentintheconditionoflargeinductanceandlargecapacitance.Finally,thesimulationcontrastiveanalysisandexperimentalverificationwasusedtoproofthenewcooperativecircuitsrationalityandeffectiveness.Thetestshowsthestartupcurrentstableandnoovershootandthepeakofthestartupcurrentisrestraineduptoabout50%.
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