Research for Lunar Dust Effects and Its Ground Simulation Methods
2013, 33 (2):
The character of lunar dust and its effects on lunar exploration were introduced. Based on analysis of lunar environment and its effects on lunar explorer, such as contamination, abrasion, choke and static, some preliminary propositions for key research topics were given，including lunar dust environment simulation, the causes of lunar dust risen, the kinematics and dynamics characteristic of lunar dust, lunar dust mitigation and test evaluation methods. According to the requirements of these topics, the principal environments for a complete lunar dust simulation facility was generalized, such as vacuum, temperature, solar wind, solar ultraviolet, lunar dust, electric field and magnetic field of lunar surface. Then the project of a new lunar dust ground simulation facility was designed. The test methods for lunar environment effects were discussed preliminarily. The proposed method can give a reference for facility development and test research in future lunar exploration.
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