›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 9-.doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2019.0015

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Analysis and simulation of influence factors of spacebased optical space debris detection

 XING  Bi-Da, XIN  Tian, ZHENG  Chang-Wen   

  1. 1.Institute of Software,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
    2.Beijing Institute of Electronic System Engineering,Beijing 100854,China
  • Received:2018-12-03 Revised:2019-01-15 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-04-22

Abstract: Optical methods are widely used in spacebased space debris detection, but they are vulnerable to stray light and other factors The factors which affect spacebased optical space debris detection are analyzed from the two aspects of detectors and debris based on the experimental data The factors affecting the detection effect include stray light such as sunlight, moonlight, earthatmosphere light and airglow, as well as radiation in South Atlantic Anomaly region The factors affecting the visibility of debris include earth occlusion, earth shadow and reflected sunlight At the same time, the characteristic quantities involved in the above factors and the calculation methods to avoid the effects are put forward The simulation results of a spacebased detection equipment show that the above effects may occur in both normal rendezvous and attitude maneuver modes, so that they should be fully considered in the experiment design Finally, a spacebased space debris detection mission is planned The article has certain guiding significance for the experiment design of spacebased optical detection.

Key words: spacebased, space debris, optical detection, stray light, SAA, earth shadow, experiment design