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Orbit control force coefficient identification by Charp recursion method

ZHANG Ying1,2,WANG Xijing2,*,YUAN Bo3,KONG Dalin2,BIAN Yanshan2   

  1. 1School of Astronautics Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi′an 710072,China
    2Key Laboratory for Spacecraft InOrbit Fault Diagnosis and Maintenance,Xi′an 710043,China
    3Xi′an Satellite Control Center, Xi′an 710043,China
  • Received:2018-07-20 Revised:2018-09-15 Online:2019-04-25 Published:2019-03-19

Abstract: Spacecraft orbit maneuvers are required in spacecraft orbit capture, orbit maintenance and obstacle avoidance. Considering the fact that during spacecraft orbital maneuver, the thrust coefficient is the binding constant, error can be great due to the unoptimized parameter. The fitting coefficient of the control force is identified as a correction control parameter to compensate for the orbital control error, so as to improve the accuracy of orbit control. The historical orbit control data of typical spacecraft platform and its engine were analyzed in a statistical way. By analyzing the previous orbit control theory and inorbit control data, the orbit control empirical model was established. With the input and output of the current measurable system, the future evolution of system output was predictable and the empirical formula of the relationship between the error of actual orbit control and the control parameters under different working conditions was concluded.Two types of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites with semimajor axis variation above and below 300 meters were selected to analyze historical data of orbital control. After the actual data test, the accuracy of the velocity variation forecast after the thrust coefficient fitting by the Charp recursion method is higher. This kind of calculation method makes use of historical data of orbit control, and the calculation method is simple, which improves the prediction precision of orbit control speed increment and has reference significance for the implementation of orbit control.

Key words: orbit control model, the thrust coefficient fitting, the Charp recursion method, system identification