• • 上一篇    下一篇

未来的空间生命科学

刘克嘉,吴国兴   

  1. 航天医学工程研究所 ,航天医学工程研究所
  • 发布日期:1989-06-25

SPACE LIFE SCIENCE IN FUTURE

Liu Kejia Wu Guoxing (Institute of Space Medico-Engineering)   

  • Published:1989-06-25

摘要: 本文分析了空间生命科学的发展战略,对21世纪初期的研究设想进行了概括,较详细地介绍了空间生命科学四个方面的内容:空间生理学和医学,包括空间医学、空间生理学、空间作业医学和人在空间的作用;空间生物学,包括重力生物学、可控生态生保系统、生物圈和地外生物学;空间站生物医学工程以及空间生物材料的加工生产。本文还讨论了各方面存在的主要问题和今后的发展趋向,特别强调了空间高枝术应用对促进国民经济发展的巨大潜力。

关键词: 航天医学, 宇宙生物学, 生物工程, 发展

Abstract: In this article the strategy for space life science in future wasanalyzed based on the informations of new publications of NASA and ESA, and the tentative ideas for space life science research were summarized.Theauthors pointed out that as a comprehensive discipline the scope of approachfor life science should cover the following four respects.They are space me-dicine incling space medicine,space physiology,space operational medicine,and the role of human being in space;space biology including gravity biolo-gy,controlled ecologic and life support system,biospheres and exterrestrialbiology;biomedical engineering in space station;processing and manufactureof biomaterials in space.In present article the main problems existing,thetrends of deveopment,and the missions of research of space life science werediscussed;and the great potentialities of economic benefits from the applica-tion of space ligh-technics were particularly emphasized.