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彩色图像中的本征图像的抽取

黄玉明,徐光佑,叶培建   

  1. 北京控制工程研究所 ,清华大学 ,中国空间技术研究院
  • 发布日期:1991-10-25

EXTRACTING INTRINSIC IMAGES IN COLOR IMAGE

Huang Yuming (Beijing Institute of Control Engineerig) Xu Guangyou (Qing Hua University) Ye Peijian (CAST)   

  • Published:1991-10-25

摘要: 光源的位置和颜色影响到景物在摄像机中的成像,高光(highlight)的出现使一般的分割算法得不到理想的分割结果。文中根据二色反射模型(Dich-romatic Reflectioa Model),将图像分解成两个本征图像(intrinsic image)——本色图像(matte image)和高光图像(highlight image)。本色图像是去掉高光后的图像,反映了景物本身的不变性,不受外部因素(如光源的位置和颜色)的影响。而高光图像是只含有高光的图像,反映了外部因素的影响,有助于确定物体的形状。文中的彩色图像是指单一颜色光照(非单一波长的光照)下的单色物体在彩色CCD 摄像机中成的像。

关键词: 二色反射模型, 彩色分解, 本征图像

Abstract: The position and the color of a light source affect the image ofan object,and ideal results can't be obtained by usual segmentation algorithmdue to the appearence of highlights.The Dichromatic Reflection Model is usedto divide a color image into two intrinsic images——matte image and highl-ight image.The matte image is the original image with the highlights remo-ved,reflecting the invariance of the object and being not affected by theenvironmental factors(such as the position and the color of the light sour-ce);but the highlight image is just an image of highlights,reflecting theenvironmental factors,and providing information for shape from gloss.The color image in this paper refers to that of a monochrome object gene-rated by color CCD camera under monochrome light(not the light with singlewavelength).