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载人运输飞船流体回路试验研究

黄家荣;范宇峰;范含林;   

  1. 中国空间技术研究院;
  • 出版日期:2010-02-25 发布日期:2010-02-25

Experiment Study of Fluid Loop System on Manned Spaceship

Huang Jiarong Fan Yufeng Fan Hanlin(China Academy of Space Technology,Beijing 100094)   

  • Online:2010-02-25 Published:2010-02-25

摘要: 详细介绍了载人运输飞船热控船流体回路主要技术方案,包括系统组成与流程设计、工作模式设计、主要技术状态等,并列出了流体回路全部试验工况及相关试验结果,试验结果表明流体回路具有良好的温度调控能力和适应能力。重点对流体回路辐射器、冷凝干燥器、冷板、换热器等设备换热能力及低温情况下工质体积补偿、低压情况下工质溶气释出导致泵压头波动等问题进行了分析。最后根据分析和试验结果对系统提出了优化改进建议。

关键词: 流体回路, 辐射器, 温度控制, 工质, 试验, 载人航天器

Abstract: The thermal control fluid loop system technology scheme of manned spaceship was introduced,including system configure,flow chart,operating model,main technical status,and etc.All of the fluid loop experiment cases and related results were listed.Test data shows that fluid loop system has excellent temperature adjustment and adaptation ability.Further analysis of the heat transfer capability was carried out on heat exchange devices such as thermal radiator,air condenser,cold plate,and middle heat exchanger.Besides,the accumulator capability was also proved under the extreme low temperature case.The fluctuant problem of pump′s pressure head caused by gas released from fluid under extreme low pressure was also discussed.Finally,some suggestions on future fluid loop system improvement were presented.