中国空间科学技术 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 49-.doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2020.0019

• 研究探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

载人航天器与伴随卫星间射频系统电磁兼容性分析方法

孙犇,王玮,梁克,徐晓光   

  1. 中国空间技术研究院载人航天总体部,北京100094
  • 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-04-26

Analysis method of electromagnetic compatibility for radiofrequency system between human spacecraft and adjoint satellite

SUN Ben, WANG Wei, LIANG Ke, XU Xiaoguang   

  1. Institute of Manned Space System Engineering, China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing100094,China
  • Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-04-26

摘要: 对载人航天器与伴随卫星间射频设备的电磁干扰问题进行了研究,根据射频系统的收发参数建立了电磁干扰安全裕度模型,分析了伴随卫星发射天线对载人航天器接收天线的等效干扰。从保证载人航天器与伴随卫星在轨电磁兼容的角度,得到了航天器间能够兼容工作的最小相对距离计算方法。研究结果表明,所提出的分析方法能够对伴飞任务航天器间的电磁干扰风险进行预测,可为飞行任务的顺利完成提供技术支持。

关键词: 航天器, 伴随卫星, 射频兼容性, 分析模型

Abstract: The electromagnetic interference(EMI) of radiofrequency(RF) equipments between human spacecraft and adjoint satellite was investigated. Based on the design of RF equipments, the model of calculating safety margin was built and the equivalent interference between transmitting antenna and receiving antenna was analyzed. To guarantee the electromegnetic compatibility, the minimal safe distance of two spacecrafts was obtained. The results show that the approach proposed in the paper can forecast the electromagnetic interference between human spacecraft and adjoint satellite, and provide technical support for the fulfillment of the mission.

Key words: human spacecraft, adjoint satellite, RF compatibility, analytical model