›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 43-.doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2019.0028

• 专题述评 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向深空探测的电磁帆推进技术研究进展

 鱼伟东, 温晓东, 张天平, 刘莉娟   

  1. 兰州空间技术物理研究所 真空技术与物理重点实验室,兰州730000
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-29 修回日期:2018-12-29 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-06-24
  • 作者简介:鱼伟东(1993-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为空间电推进技术与工程 张天平(1963-),男,研究员,研究方向为空间电推进技术与工程
  • 基金资助:

    民用航天预研项目(D010305)

Research progress of electromagnetic sail propulsion for deep space exploration

 YU  Wei-Dong, WEN  Xiao-Dong, ZHANG  Tian-Ping, LIU  Li-Juan   

  1. Key Laboratory of Vacuum Technology and Physics, Lanzhou Instituted of Physics, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2018-11-29 Revised:2018-12-29 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-06-24

摘要: 电磁帆是一类利用太阳风驱动的无工质或少工质新型推进技术,在需要推力器长时间工作的深空探测任务中具有非常广阔的应用前景。首先介绍了电磁帆的基本概念和主要分类,其次分别介绍了电帆、纯磁帆和磁等离子体帆三类推进方式的系统组成和工作原理,重点介绍了各自的研究现状,并梳理出了相关关键技术,同时介绍了等离子体磁罩技术。最后对电磁帆推进技术研究进展进行了总结,为国内开展此方面研究提供了研究方向和发展思路。

关键词: 太阳风, 电磁帆, 磁等离子体帆, 等离子体磁罩, 深空推进, 电推进

Abstract: Electromagnetic sail, a kind of space propulsion technology driven by solar wind, has broad application prospects in deep space exploration missions that require spacecraft working for a long time due to its characteristics of no propellants or less propellants. The basic concepts and main classifications of the electromagnetic sails are introduced. The working principles, system compositions, research status of ESail,PMS and MPS are discussed and followed by the plasma magnetoshell technology. Finally, the research progress of electromagnetic sail propulsion technology is summarized, which provides research direction and development ideas for domestic research in this field.

Key words: solar wind, electromagnetic sail, magneto plasma sail, plasma magnetoshell, deep space propulsion, electric propulsion