›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 78-83.doi: 10.3780/j.issn.1000-758X.2013.02.013

• 技术交流 • 上一篇    

月尘环境效应及地面模拟技术

童靖宇, 李蔓, 白羽, 田东波   

  1. (北京卫星环境工程研究所,北京 100094)
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-04 修回日期:2012-10-25 出版日期:2013-04-25 发布日期:2013-04-25
  • 作者简介:童靖宇 1950年生,1982年毕业于兰州大学物理系,北京卫星环境工程研究所科技委副主任,研究员。主要从事空间环境工程技术研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国防科工局技术基础科研项目

Research for Lunar Dust Effects and Its Ground Simulation Methods

TONG  Jing-Yu, LI  Man, BAI  Yu, TIAN  Dong-Bo   

  • Received:2012-09-04 Revised:2012-10-25 Online:2013-04-25 Published:2013-04-25

摘要: 介绍了月球尘的特点及其对探月活动的影响。在分析月球尘环境及其对月面探测器污染、磨损、阻塞、静电效应的基础上,对月球尘环境模拟技术、月球尘扬尘及其运动学和动力学规律、月球尘效应防护及试验评价方法等研究方向和重点提出了一些初步看法。针对研究内容的需求,梳理出一台完整的月球尘地面模拟试验设备应具备真空、温度、太阳风、太阳紫外、月球尘、月面电场、月面磁场等环境因素。在此基础上,设计了一种月球尘地面模拟试验装置方案,并对月球尘环境效应试验方法进行了初步讨论。为月球探测后期任务条件保障建设及相关研究工作提供参考。

关键词: 月尘, 环境效应, 地面模拟, 探月工程

Abstract: The character of lunar dust and its effects on lunar exploration were introduced. Based on analysis of lunar environment and its effects on lunar explorer, such as contamination, abrasion, choke and static, some preliminary propositions for key research topics were given,including lunar dust environment simulation, the causes of lunar dust risen, the kinematics and dynamics characteristic of lunar dust, lunar dust mitigation and test evaluation methods. According to the requirements of these topics, the principal environments for a complete lunar dust simulation facility was generalized, such as vacuum, temperature, solar wind, solar ultraviolet, lunar dust, electric field and magnetic field of lunar surface. Then the project of a new lunar dust ground simulation facility was designed. The test methods for lunar environment effects were discussed preliminarily. The proposed method can give a reference for facility development and test research in future lunar exploration.

Key words: Lunar dust, Environment effects, Ground simulation, Lunar exploration