›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 33-41.doi: 10.3780/j.issn.1000-758X.2011.01.005

• 研究探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间交会目标航天器相位调整策略

张进1, 黄海兵1, 王为2, 汤溢2   

  1. (1 国防科技大学航天与材料工程学院, 长沙 410073)(2 中国空间技术研究院, 北京 100094)
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-11 修回日期:2010-06-21 出版日期:2011-02-25 发布日期:2011-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张进,联系地址:湖南长沙国防科技大学航天与材料工程学院学员六队,邮编:410073 E-mail: zhangjin@nudt.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张 进 1983年生,2008年获国防科学技术大学飞行器设计专业硕士学位,现为国防科学技术大学飞行器设计专业博士研究生,主要研究方向为航天飞行任务规划。

Target Spacecraft Phasing Strategy in Orbital Rendezvous

 ZHANG  Jin1, HUANG  Hai-Bing1, WANG  Wei2, TANG  Yi2   

  1. (1 College of Aerospace and Materials Engineering,National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073)(2 China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094)

  • Received:2010-05-11 Revised:2010-06-21 Online:2011-02-25 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 目标航天器相位调整机动的目的是为交会对接任务做准备,是一个非固定时间交会问题。从调相的基本原理出发,分析了大气阻力、升交点赤经漂移及轨道误差对相位角的影响,并将这些参数用于改进冲量对相位角影响的估算公式。将估算公式与数值积分相结合,从摄动轨道机动参数计算、调相方向选取与机动圈次选择三个方面改进相位调整策略。仿真结果表明:提出的相位调整策略可以稳定高效地获得摄动轨道机动参数,能够满足终端精度要求,相对于直接根据相位角偏差正负来选择调相方向的策略可以节省推进剂消耗。

关键词: 空间交会, 相位调整, 轨道机动, 航天器

Abstract: To make preparations for the rendezvous and docking, the target phasing maneuver mission is a non-fixed time rendezvous problem. According to the basic phasing principle, the phase influences by atmosphere drag, drift of right ascension of ascending node and orbital errors were analyzed and used to improve the approximate formulae, which estimated the effect of impulse on the phase angle. With the combination of the approximate formulae and the numerical integration, the target phasing strategy was improved in three aspects: the calculation of maneuver data for the perturbed trajectory, the selection of the phasing-direction and the selection of the maneuver revolution number. The simulation results show that the proposed target phasing strategy can obtain the maneuver data for the perturbed trajectory and can meet the terminal precision requirements. Compared with the phasing-direction selection method, with which only the terminal phase angle deviation is considered, the proposed strategy can reduce the fuel consumption.

Key words: Orbital rendezvous, Phasing, Orbital maneuver, Spacecraft