›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 57-63.doi: 10.3780/j.issn.1000-758X.2012.03.009

• 技术交流 • 上一篇    下一篇

载人航天器舱门快速检漏仪的可靠性试验与评估方法

 崔致和, 曹军, 杨晓林, 张孝义, 权昕, 董义鹏   

  1. (兰州空间技术物理研究所,兰州 730000)
  • 收稿日期:4603-10-09 修回日期:2012-06-25 出版日期:2012-06-25 发布日期:2012-06-25
  • 作者简介:崔致和 1966年生,1989年毕业于武汉华中理工大学机械制造工艺与设备专业,高级工程师。研究方向为航天器结构与机构、航天器环境控制技术。

Reliability Test and Evaluating Methods of Port Quick Leak Detector for Manned Spacecraft

 CUI  Zhi-He, CAO  Jun, YANG  Xiao-Lin, ZHANG  Xiao-Yi, QUAN  Xin, DONG  Yi-Peng   

  1. (Lanzhou Institute of Physics,Lanzhou730000)
  • Received:4603-10-09 Revised:2012-06-25 Online:2012-06-25 Published:2012-06-25

摘要: 载人航天器舱门快速检漏仪是载人航天器舱门及其对接机构对接面气密性检测的测试仪器。为了验证舱门快速检漏仪的可靠性指标水平,按照寿命型和计量型可靠性试验方法的基本思路,通过分析其功能、工作原理和主要故障模式,确定了可靠性特征量,提出了舱门快速检漏仪的可靠性验证试验方法,包括试验方法的选择、试验件状态、试验条件的确定、试验程序、故障判据及可靠性评估方法,并给出了评估结果。

关键词: 快速检漏仪, 可靠性试验, 舱门, 载人航天器

Abstract: As the port and its docking system testing instrument, manned spacecraft port quick leak detector (PQLD) is used for checking the sealing quality of the docking surface after the door is closed and the docking surface is linked. By analyzing the function, the work principle and main failure mode of PQLD for manned spacecraft was presented, and the PQLD′s reliability characteristic was determined. According to the basic considerations of life type and computation type reliability test method, the methods of the PQLD reliability test was proposed, including the choice of the method, statement of the test piece, determination of the test condition, test program, failure criterion, and means of the reliability evaluating. 

Key words: Quick leak detector, Reliability test, Port, Manned spacecraft