›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 25-30.doi: 10.3780/j.issn.1000-758X.2011.05.004

• 研究探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

航天器相对运动的两点边界值问题解析解

苑云霞1,岳晓奎1,娄云峰2   

  1. (1西北工业大学航天学院,西安 710072)(2西北工业大学计算机学院,西安 710129)
  • 收稿日期:2010-11-04 修回日期:2010-12-27 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 作者简介:苑云霞 1987年生,2009年毕业于西北工业大学飞行器设计与工程专业,现为西北工业大学飞行器设计专业硕士研究生,研究方向为航天器动力学与控制。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(10772145)

Analytical Solution of Two-Point Boundary Value Problem for Spacecraft Relative Motion

 YUAN  Yun-Xia1, YUE  Xiao-Ku1i, LOU  Yun-Feng2   

  1. (1 School of Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi′an 710072)(2 School of Computer, Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi′an 710129)
  • Received:2010-11-04 Revised:2010-12-27 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 针对无摄椭圆轨道,推导了表示真实相对位置速度的状态转移矩阵,进而推导出了相对运动两点边界值问题的一阶解析解。所得结果不仅可指定转移时间、还可在时间范围内进行全局的燃料优化或在时间和燃料两者间折中;对于周期和非周期的相对运动均适用。仿真结果表明此解的归一化精度达到10-6。进一步的仿真发现相对转移过程的燃料消耗会随目标轨道偏心率的增加而增加;随长半轴的增加而减少;随初始真近点角的增加呈现周期性变化;随着转移时间增加,燃料消耗的总趋势是减少的。

关键词: 椭圆轨道, 相对运动, 两点边界值, 相对Lambert问题, 燃料优化, 航天器

Abstract: The two point boundary value problem (TPBVP) of a leader-follower spacecraft formation flying was studied. Aiming at unperturbed elliptical reference orbits, the state transfer matrix representing actual relative position and velocity was derived, and the first-order analytical solution of TPBVP is obtained, which can deal with the problems of the specified rendezvous time, fuel optimization and compromise between fuel and time, and is applicable to the periodic and non-periodic relative motion. The simulation results show that the normalized accuracy of this solution achieves 10-6 level. Furthermore, the fuel cost of relative transfer increases with eccentricity increasing, and decreases with semimajor axis increasing, and appears periodic change with initial true anomaly increasing, and decreases as the transfer time increasing.

Key words: Elliptic orbit Relative motion , Two-point boundary value problem, Relative Lambert′s problem , Fuel optimization, Spacecraft