›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 1-8.doi: 10.3780/j.issn.1000-758X.2011.04.001

• 第二届中国卫星导航学术年会论文 •    下一篇

改进的GPS掩星滑动频谱方法

徐贤胜1, 郭鹏2   

  1. (1 上海大学上海市应用数学和力学研究所,上海 200072)
    (2 中国科学院上海天文台,上海 200030)
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-20 修回日期:2011-04-07 出版日期:2011-08-25 发布日期:2011-08-25
  • 作者简介:徐贤胜 1983年生,2009年获温州大学数学与应用数学专业硕士学位。目前是上海大学上海市应用数学和力学研究所流体力学专业博士研究生。研究方向是GPS/LEO无线电掩星全息方法。
  • 基金资助:

    地震行业科研专项(201108004),国家863高科技计划(2009AA12Z319), 国家自然科学基金(41075081)

Modified Sliding Spectral Method for GPS Occultation

XU  Xian-Sheng1, GUO  Peng2   

  1. (1 Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics,Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072)
    (2 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030)
  • Received:2011-03-20 Revised:2011-04-07 Online:2011-08-25 Published:2011-08-25

摘要: 在大气多路径和噪声的条件下,高斯白噪声会造成滑动频谱方法获得的弯曲角与真值之间的偏离,无法获得较好的反演结果。为此,文章提出了一种改进的滑动频谱方法,即利用信号的振幅和谱能量信息对滑动频谱方法进行修正,削弱了信号中噪声的影响,与真值较为接近。分别用改进前后两种方法对中华卫星三号计划(Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate,COSMIC)的掩星进行反演,并将其折射率计算结果和通过全谱反演方法获得的折射率一起,与欧洲中期天气预报中心(European Centre for MediumRange Weather Forecasts,ECMWF)的分析场资料进行了统计比较。结果表明:改进的滑动频谱方法删除了信号中的部分噪声,减少了系统偏差;与全谱反演方法进行比较,发现两者具有相当的反演精度。

关键词: 无线电掩星, 滑动频谱方法, 开环模式, 多相位屏技术, 卫星导航

Abstract: The limitations of the sliding spectral (SS)method are the restriction of the resolution of bending angle profiles due to  the noise in the moist lower tropos phere. It has been  validated by simulations of atmospheric propagation using multiple phase screens technique under multipath conditions. A modified sliding spectral (MSS)method was developed to reduce these limitations. It demonstrates that MSS method can reasonably identify and decrease noise which may introduce retrieval errors in classical SS method, as well as further improve the resolution in the moist tropos pheric regions. About 4500 COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate)were analyzed using the SS method and MSS method respectively. Statistical comparisons of the retrieval refractivity profiles with that from ECMWF (European Centre for Medium range Weather Forecasts) analysis show that MSS method contains smaller systematic biases than SS method. Biases of the MSS method are close to that of  full spectrum inversion (FSI)method at all latitudes.

Key words: Radio occultation, Sliding spectral method, Open-loop mode, Multiple phase screens technique, Satellite navigation