中国空间科学技术 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 9-15.doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2018.0002

• 研究探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

北斗全球卫星导航系统境外星数据快速回传的路由优化方法

高贺1,王玲1,黄文德2,3,*,孙乐园2   

  1. 1. 湖南大学电气与信息工程学院,长沙  410073
    2. 国防科技大学机电工程与自动化学院,长沙  410073
    3. 中国科学院上海天文台,上海  200030
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-05 接受日期:2018-01-15 出版日期:2018-03-25 发布日期:2020-02-11
  • 作者简介:高贺(1992-),女,硕士研究生,549783646@qq.com,研究方向为导航星座自主运行
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金面上一等资助项目(2015M580365)

Routing optimization method for fast return of data on overseas satellites in Beidou Global Navigation Satellite System

GAO He1,WANG Ling1,HUANG Wende2,3,*,SUN Leyuan2   

  1. 1. College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410073, China
    2. College of Mechatronics Engineering and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
    3. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Received:2017-07-05 Accepted:2018-01-15 Online:2018-03-25 Published:2020-02-11
  • Contact: 黄文德(1981-),男,博士,讲师,博士后,nn_hwd@126.com,研究方向为航天器轨道动力学、导航星座自主运行及卫星导航系统级测试与评估技术

摘要: 针对北斗全球卫星导航系统存在的全球布站不足问题,提出一种利用星间链路将境外星数据快速回传至境内的路由优化方法。首先描述地面站受限情况下的数据快速回传问题,明确传输路由的优化目标、生成规则、约束条件。然后提出基于遗传算法的时延最小数据传输路由优化策略。最后,对算法进行了验证。结果表明,在2个境内站条件下,北斗系统全星座最多2跳(6s内)完成数据传输,可满足境外数据快速回传的要求。

关键词: 北斗卫星导航系统, 星间链路, 数据传输, 路由规划, 遗传算法

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of the lack of station in Beidou Global Navigation Satellite System, a route optimization method was proposed to quickly transmit the overseas satellite data to the domestic satellite by using the inter-satellite link. Firstly, the problem of fast data transmission in the case of limited number of ground stations was described, and the optimization objective, rules and constraints of data transmission routing were defined. Then, based on the genetic algorithm, the routing optimization method and the minimum data transmission scheme were proposed. Finally, the validity of the algorithm was verified. The results show data transmission is completed within 2 skips (6 seconds) in the Beidou system constellation with two domestic station conditions. This optimized result can meet the requirements of overseas data fast transmit.

Key words: Beidou Global Navigation Satellite System, inter-satellite link, data transmission, routing planning, genetic algorithm