›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 40-.doi: 10.16708/j.cnki.1000-758X.2017.0062

• 研究探讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于降维观测器的最优故障诊断算法研究

 屠园园, 王大轶, 李文博   

  1. 1北京控制工程研究所,北京100190
    2北京空间飞行器总体设计部,北京100094
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-17 修回日期:2017-04-13 出版日期:2017-12-25 发布日期:2017-06-29

Optimal faul tdiagnosis algorithm based on reduced order observer

 TU  Yuan-Yuan, WANG  Da-Yi, LI  Wen-Bo   

  1. 1BeijingInstituteofControlEngineering,Beijing100190,China
    2BeijingInstituteofSpacecraftSystemEngineering,Beijing100094,China
  • Received:2017-02-17 Revised:2017-04-13 Online:2017-12-25 Published:2017-06-29

摘要: 为降低诊断算法的计算量,优化算法参数,设计了一种基于降维观测器的最优故障诊断算法。首先,利用正交原理,将故障状态与系统状态进行解耦,从而构造了用于故障估计且无需进行矩阵分块运算的降维观测器。其次,基于对偶原理,将诊断算法的增益优化问题转化为诊断误差方程对偶系统的最优控制律设计问题,从而实现了对故障的最小方差估计。然后,利用诊断结果设计了基于故障补偿思想的容错控制律,以此实现了系统与故障的隔离。最后,通过数值仿真验证了所提方法的有效性。结果表明,对于二阶系统,该诊断算法可在7s内快速收敛到故障真实值。

关键词: 故障诊断, 降维观测器, 最优增益, 对偶原理, 故障补偿

Abstract: Inordertoreducethecalculationcapacityoffaultdiagnosisalgorithmsandoptimizethealgorithmparameters,anoptimalfaultdiagnosisalgorithmbasedonreducedorderobserverwasproposed.Firstly,areducedorderobserverwasdesignedtoestimatethefaultwithoutcomplexmatrixblockingoperationbydecouplingthestatesofsystemandstatesoffaultbasedontheprincipleoforthogonality.Secondly,theproblemofdeterminingtheobservergainwastranslatedtotheproblemofdesigningoptimalcontrollerforthedualsystemoffaultdiagnosiserrorsystem,basedonwhichtheminimumvarianceestimationoffaultwasimplemented.Thirdly,afaulttolerantcontrollerwasproposedtocompensatethefaultinfluencebyutilizingtheresultofdiagnosis,soastosegregatethesystemwithfaults.Finally,anumericalsimulationwascarriedouttoverifytheeffectivenessoftheproposedmethod.Theresultshowsthatthedesigneddiagnosisalgorithmcanfastconvergetotherealvalueoffaultin7secondsforatwoordersystem.

Key words: reducedorderobserver, optimalgain, principleofduality, faultcompensation